名师指导:巧解英语“完形填空”例谈


  完形填空题全面检测学生的综合运用能力,集词汇、语法和上下文理解于一体。既需要丰富的词汇,较高的感悟力,又需要一定量的词法和句法知识。

  要想做好完形填空题,同学们需要做到:

  1. 每天至少15~20分钟高声朗读喜欢的、适合自身的短文或片段。求质不求量,每天一篇就够。要在朗读中扩大词汇量,增强语感,积累知识点。

  2. 掌握“完形填空”的解题技巧,走好以下四步。

  第一步:快速阅读所给短文或片段, 理解其大意。

  第二步:有把握的题目先做,没把握的先跳过。

  第三步:把握短文或片段的三要素:情节、主题和作者意图。

  第四步:通读全文,根据三要素选择未作答的题目答案。

  以下以一篇“完形填空”题为例进行说明。

  There was once a shepherd who had a daughter whose great beauty1a lot of young men from all over the country.

  One day, the shepherd asked his daughter, “Dear, what kind of2do you want to be your husband?”

  The daughter said, “My future husband can be poor3also a wealthy man.”

  “How could that be? Poor and rich are two4things!” said her father.

  “Dear father, a poor person also has his wealth,” said the daughter. The shepherd then announced that his daughter was ready for5 .

  Therefore, there were many men6outside the shepherd is home. A few7gentlemen came forward followed by their servants and camels8gifts. “We are rich men. We have jewelry, silk, fur and red carpets. Please9one of us.” The shepherd is daughter just10 .

  One11one young men came forward but they were turned12by her. The shepherd began to worry.

  Suddenly, a plainly dressed young man appeared.

  The shepherd asked, “Young man, you look so poor. What can you13my daughter?”

  “My wealth is always with me and it is my14 ,” the young man said. “I am a good tailor. I am also a good15 . I can make tables and chairs within an hour.”

  The lady smiled. The young man continued, “I can cook too. I can cook16meals. I do not have17servants or jewelry. But with my pair of hands, I18have a whole life of wealth!”

  “That  is great!” shouted the shepherd is daughter19 . “You are wealthier than any of them because you have a pair of precious hands. You are my20of an ideal husband!”

  1. A. drew B. pulled  C. attracted D. absorbed

  2. A. men B. man C. a man D. the man

  3. A. but B. and C. so D. or

  4. A. same B. similar  C. opposite D. different

  5. A. work B. job C. project D. marriage

  6. A. seating B. seated C. gathered D. gathering

  7. A. old B. well dressed C. ragged D. poorly dressed

  8.A. carried B. carry C. carrying D. having carried

  9. A. have B. elect C. choose D. make

  10. A. smiled B. laughed  C. cried D. glared

  11. A. by B. after  C. to D. past

  12. A. out B. in C. up D. down

  13. A. help B. offer  C. supply D. provide

  14. A. heart B. hands  C. feet D. food

  15. A. carpenter B. worker C. employee D. artist

  16. A. smelly B. dull  C. terrible D. delicious

  17. A. many B. any  C. much D. some

  18. A. did B. would  C. could D. do

  19. A. excitedly B. obviously C. bitterly D. badly

  20. A. plan B. future  C. idea D. advice

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