look; see; watch; observe; notice; catch sight of; stare; glare; glance; glimpse; see a film; watch TV

  2. “说”:

  telll sth to sb.=tell sb sth; talk with sb about sth; say sth; speak in English; whisper sth to sb; inform sb of sth; reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth; bargain; chat; repeat; explain; warn; remind; discuss; debate; figure; declare; claim; mention; admit; deny; describe; announce; introduce; complain

  3. “叫”:

  cry; call; shout; scream; moan; sigh; quarrel

  4. “问”:

  ask; interview; express; question

  5. “答”:

  answer; respond; reply

  6. “听”:

  listen to; hear; pick up; overhear

  7. “笑”:

  smile; laugh; burst into laughter; burst out laughing

  8. “哭”:

  cry; shed tears; weep; sob; burst into tears /burst out crying

  9. “吃/喝”:

  eat/drink; sip; have a meal; have supper; toast; taste; treat sb to; help oneself to

  10. “穿”:

  put on; wear; have on; be dressed in; make up; get changed; be in red; take off ; remove

  11. “行”:

  walk ; run ; climb; jump; skip; slip; come/go; enter; move; drive; ride; fly; crawl

  12. “坐”:

  sit down; be seated; seat oneself; take a seat,stand; lean

  13. “睡/休息”:

  lie /on one’s back/on one's side/ on one’s stomach; stay in bed; have a rest; take a nap; be asleep; bend; turn over; rest

  14. “写”:

  dictate; write sth; describe; drop a line; draw; take down/write down

  15. “拿/放”:

  take; bring; hold; carry; fetch; lif; put; lay; pull; push

  16. “抓”:

  take hold of; seize; grasp; scratch

  17. “打”:

  hit; beat; strike; blow; attack

  18. “扔”:

  throw; drop; fall; wave; shake

  19. “送”:

  send; deliver; give; offer; see off

  20. “摸/抱”:

  ouch; fold; embrace; hug; hold; in one’s arms

  21. “踢/碰”:

  kick; knock; tip

  22. “找/查”:

  find; look for; find out; discover/explore; hunt for; search for;seek,seek for in search of; search sb; search sp. for sth; check; examine; test; inspect

  23. “得”:

  get; obtain; acquire; gain; possess

  24. “失”:

  lose; be lost /be missing/gone; great loss

  25. “有”:

  have; own; conquer; occupy;possess

  26. “无”:

  nothing left; the remaining thing; disappear; be missing /gone

  27. “增/减”:

  rise / go up,drop; raise; bring down /reduce; increase/decrease

  28. “买/卖”:

  buy; purchase; afford; pay; pay off ; pay for; sell; on sale; bargain; bill / cheque / cash/credit card/notes/coins; discounts

  29. “存在/消失”:

  come into being; exist; appear; survive ; live; show; turn up; disappear; die; die out; pass away; be out of sight

  30. “变化”:

  develop; improve ; become; grow; go+ bad /wrong/ sour;turn + colour; change /change into; reform

  31. “成功/失败”:

  make it; succeed; make progress; come true; realize one’s dream; win; lose; fail to do; defeat; suffer loss; beat; turn sth. into reality

  32. “努力”:

  try /manage; make efforts; attempt ; do one's best; do as much as one can to do

  33. 祝贺:

  congratulate sb. on sth.; celebrate; observe; get together

  34. 敬佩:

  admire; respect; show respect for/to; adore; envy ;be jealousy

  35. 赞美/批评:

  praise; think highly of; blame sb for sth; sb is to blame; criticize /scold sb. for sth.; have a low opinion of sb; speak ill of

  36. 喜/恶:

  like; love; be fond of ; be keen on; be crazy about; adore; be into; prefer; enjoy; dislike hate; ignore

  37. 到达:

  arrive at; reach; return to; get to; stay in sp.; visit; leave; leave for

  38. 受伤:

  hurt ; injure; wound; cut; kill; drown; bleed; get burnt; suffer from; suffer a loss

  39. 损坏:

  damage; destroy; ruin; break down; crash; be broken

  40. 修复:

  repair; rebuild; restore; fix; recover oneself

  41. “认识的过程” :

  feel; sense; guess; suppose; wonder; doubt; know /learn realize understand remember; be familiar with; recall; recite; apply to

  42. 认为;判断:

  think; believe; consider; find; feel; conclude; infer; doubt

  43. 想/考虑:

  think of…as...; think about; consider; think over

  44. 支持/反对:

  agree; disagree; accept; receive; refuse; turn down; be against; elect; vote for/ against

  45. 花费:

  sth/doing sth+cost; sb+spend+ (in) doing sth; sb+afford +n/to do sth ; It +takes/took some time/ money/energy to do sth; sb pay some money for sth.

  46. 省/存钱:

  save /save up; set aside; put away

  47. 参加:

  take part in; join /join in; attend; compete in/ for/against

  48. 控告:

  accuse sb. of; charge sb. with

  49. 救治/帮助:

  help /help out; save /rescue sb from sth.; treat; cure sb. of sth; aid sb in doing sth / to do sth; help sb with sth;assist sb in doing sth

  50. 逃避:

  run away; escape from; flee; hide

  51. 阻止/禁止:

  prevent / keep/ stop sb. from doing sth; forbid doing sth.; ban; prohibit

  52. 对付/处理:

  handle / do with / deal with /tackle /overcome sth ; solve; settle

  53. 效仿:

  copy; imitate; learn from; learn

  54. 爆发/发生:

  come about; happen to; take place; break out; burst out; go off; explode

  55. 安装/装备:

  fasten; fix; set; equip; be armed with; be equipped with

  56. 追求:

  pursuit; ran after; seek after; chase; catch up with; keep up with

  57. 建议:

  advise; suggest; recommend; propose; urge; demand; persuade

  58. 打算:

  plan / intend / design to do; be going to do /be about to do /will do

  59. 似乎/好象:

  seem; appear; look like;as if /as though

  60. 开办/关闭:

  open; start; set up; close/close up; end; close down


  Spring Thaw


  Every April I am beset by the same concern-that spring might not occur this year. The landscape looks forsaken, with hills, sky and forest forming a single graymeld, like the wash an artist paints on a canvas before the masterwork. My spirits ebb, as they did during an April snowfall when I first came to Maine 15 years ago. "Just wait," a neithbor counseled. "You'll wake up one morning and spring will just be here."

  Andlo, on May 3 that year I awoke to a green so startling as to be almost electric, as if spring were simply a matter of flipping a switch. Hills, sky and forest revealed their purples, blues and green. Leaves had unfurled, goldfinches had arrived at the feeder and daffodils were fighting their way heavenward.

  Andlo, on May 3 that year I awoke to a green so startling as to be almost electric, as if spring were simply a matter of flipping a switch. Hills, sky and forest revealed their purples, blues and green. Leaves had unfurled, goldfinches had arrived at the feeder and daffodils were fighting their way heavenward.

  Then there was the old apple tree. It sits on an undeveloped lot in my neighborhood. It belongs to no one and therefore to everyone. The tree's dark twisted branches sprawl in unpruned abandon. Each spring it blossoms so profusely that the air becomes saturated with the aroma of apple. When I drive by with my windows rolled down, it gives me the feeling of moving in another element, like a kid on a water slide.

  Until last year, I thought I was the only one aware of this tree. And then one day, in a fit of spring madness, I set out with pruner and lopper to remove a few errant branches. No sooner had I arrived under its boughs than neighbors opened their windows and stepped onto their porches. These were people I barely knew and seldom spoke to, but it was as if I had come unbidden into their personal gardens.

  My mobile-home neighbor was the first to speak."You're not cutting it down, are you?" Another neighbor winced as I lopped off a branch. "Don't kill it, now," he cautioned. Soon half the neighborhood had joined me under the apple arbor. It struck me that I had lived there for five years and only now was learning these people's names, what they did for a living and how they passed the winter. It was as if the old apple tree gathering us under its boughs for the dual purpose of acquaintanceship and shared wonder. I couldn't help recalling Robert Frost's* words:

  The trees that have it in their pent-up buds

  To darken nature and be summer woods

  One thaw led to another. Just the other day I saw one of my neighbors at the local store. He remarked how this recent winter had been especially long and lamented not having seen or spoken at length to anyone in our neighborhood. And then, recouping his thoughts, he looked at me and said, "We need to prune that apple treeagain."



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