高一英语(必修一、必修二)复习提纲


  【必修一】
  
  Unit 1 Friendship
  
  1. be good to 对……友好 be good for 对……有益;be bad to…/be bad for…
  
  2. add up 加起来 增加
  
  add up to 合计,总计
  
  add… to 把……加到……
  
  3. not…until/till 意思是“直到…才”
  
  4. get sth/sb done 使……完成/使某人被……
  
  5. calm down平静下来
  
  6. be concerned about 关心 关注
  
  7. 当while, when, before, after 等引导的时间状语从句中的主语与主句的主语一致时,可将从句中的主语和be动词省去。
  
  While walking the dog, you were careless and it got loose.
  
  8. cheat in the exam 考试作弊
  
  9. go through 经历;度过;获准,通过
  
  10. hide away 躲藏;隐藏
  
  11. set down 写下,记下
  
  12. I wonder if….. 我不知道是不是….
  
  12. on purpose 故意
  
  13. sth happen to sb 某人发生某事
  
  sb happen to do sth 某人碰巧做某事
  
  it so happened that ……正巧 碰巧
  
  14. It is the first (second…) that… (从句谓语动词用现在完成时)
  
  15. in one’s power 处于……的控制之中
  
  16. It’s no pleasure doing…. 做…..没有乐趣
  
  It’s no good/ use doing sth. 做某事是没好处/没用的
  
  17. She found it difficult to settle and calm down in the hiding place. it做形式宾语
  
  18. suffer from 患…病;遭受
  
  19. so…that… /such…thay…
  
  20. get tired of…. 对…感到劳累 疲惫
  
  21. have some trouble with sb/sth. 在……上遇到了麻烦
  
  22. get along with sb/sth. 与某人相处
  
  23. ask(sb)for advice. (向某人)征求建议
  
  24. make 后接复合宾语,宾语补足语须用不带to 的不定式、形容词、过去分词、名词等。常见的有以下几种形式:
  
  make sb. do sth.让 (使)某人做某事
  
  make sb. /sth. +adj. 使某人/物…
  
  make sb./ oneself +v-ed 让某人/自己被…
  
  When you speak, you should make yourself understood.
  
  make sb.+n. 使某人成为…
  
  25. alone /lonely. 单独的/孤独的
  
  26. I would be grateful if… 委婉客气提出请求
  
  27. Why not do….. = why don’t you do…
  
  Unit 2 English around the world
  
  1. because of 因为…… (注意和because 的区别)
  
  2. even if (= even thoug)即使,用来引导让步状语从句
  
  3. come up 走上前来,走近,发生,出现 come up with 追上,赶上,提出
  
  4. communicate with sb 和某人交流
  
  5. be different from… 与……不同
  
  be different in … 在……方面不同
  
  Most of my projects are different in performance.
  
  我多数作品的演奏风格都不同。
  
  6. be based on 以……为基础
  
  7. at present 目前,眼下 for the present眼前;暂时
  
  8. make (good/better/full)use of
  
  9. the latter后者 the former 前者
  
  10. a large number of 大量的 the number of …的数量
  
  11. such as 例如
  
  12. hold on 坚持住,握住不放;(打电话时)等—会
  
  13. … you will hear the difference in the way(that/ in which) people speak.
  
  你会听出人们在说话时的差异。
  
  14. play a role/ part (in) 在…中担任角色;在…中起作用;扮演一个角色
  
  15. the same …as… 与……一样
  
  16. at the top of…在…顶上
  
  at the bottom of 在……底部
  
  17. bring up 教养,养育;提出
  
  18. request sb (not) to do sth. 要求某人做/不要做某事
  
  19. be satisfied with…对……感到满意,满足于
  
  20. suggest v. (request,insist…)
  
  I suggested you do what he says. 我建议你按照他说的去做。
  
  I suggest you not go tomorrow. 我想你明天还是不要去了。
  
  His pale face suggested that he was in bad health. 他苍白的脸色暗示了他身体不好。
  
  注意:insist 意思为“坚持要求”时后面的that从句用虚拟语气;如果insist 意为“强调,坚持认为”的时候,从句可以用任何所需要的时态。例如:She insisted that she didn’t tell a lie.她坚持认为她没撒谎。
  
  21. according to…. 按照… 根据…
  
  Unit 3 Travel journal
  
  1.prefer
  
  Prefer doing …to doing…
  
  Prefer to do rather than do
  
  2.advantages /disadvantages 优势/劣势
  
  2.Ever since middle school, my sister Wang Wei and I have dreamed about taking a great bike trip. 从高中起,我姐姐王维和我就一直梦想做一次伟大的自行车旅行。
  
  连词since 引导的时间状语从句用一般过去时,介词since 与时间点连用
  
  It is/has been+一段时间+since+一般过去时 自从……至今已经多久了。
  
  3. persuade sb to do sth= persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事
  
  4. 强调句型 It is/was+被强调部分+that/who
  
  强调句型可以强调除谓语动词以外的任何句子成份。一般来说,如果被强调部分是人时,用连词that或who;如果被强调部分是物,只能用连词that。
  
  not … until 的强调句
  
  5.be fond of 喜欢,喜爱
  
  6. Although 尽管,虽然,引导让步状语从句
  
  ① although 从句多在句首, though 从句可在主句前、中、后任何位置,而且though 可以作副词用于句末,作“但是,不过”讲,而although 无此用法。
  
  ② as though(仿佛,好像),even though(即使,尽管)中不能用although。
  
  ③ though 引导的让步状语从句可以倒装(将表语、状语、情态动词后的动词原形前置到句首,此用法同as),而 although 不可以。
  
  7. insist on doing sth/ sth. 一定要、坚持主张
  
  She insists on getting up early and playing her radio loudly.
  
  她老是一大早起来把收音机音量开大
  
  11.care about 关心 在乎
  
  care for 喜欢,照料,照顾
  
  12.change one’s mind 改变主意
  
  13. experience 经历/经验
  
  14. Once 可作为从属连词,作“一(旦)……就……”解,连接一个表示时间的状语从句。从句中常用一般现在时\现在完成时表将来。
  
  Once you have begun you must continue.
  
  15. give in 让步 give up 放弃
  
  16. instead of 代替,而不是
  
  17. make up one’s mind to do下定决心做某事
  
  18.a large parcel of 一大包
  
  19.as usual 像往常一样
  
  20.put up our tent 搭帐篷
  
  21.stay awake 睡不着,醒着 stay up 熬夜
  
  22. for company 做伴
  
  23.lie beneath the stars 躺在星空下
  
  24.can hardly wait to do=can’t wait to do迫不及待做某事
  
  25.go in the right direction 走正确的方向
  
  26. at a very slow pace. 以很慢的速度
  
  27.be similar to 类似于
  
  28.afford to do sth 付得起,能承担
  
  29.be tired from 因……而疲劳 be tired of 对……厌倦
  
  30. be in high spirits 喜气洋洋,兴高采烈
  
  31.come true 实现,成真
  
  32. give sb some advice on doing...
  
  33. a guide to… ……的指南
  
  34.on a tour 在游览中,在巡演中
  
  35.in detail 详细地
  
  Unit 4 Earthquakes
  
  1. right away毫不迟疑,立刻
  
  2. It seemed as if the world was at an end. 世界似乎到了末日。
  
  从句表示“(在某人)看来好像;似乎”
  
  ① It seems/looks/appears as if/though…看起来好像…
  
  ② Sb./Sth. looks as if/though…
  
  ③ There seems/appears(to be)…
  
  There appears to have been a mistake.
  
  2. in ruins. 变为废墟
  
  3. Two-thirds
  
  4. Workers built shelters for survivors whose homes had been destroyed.
  
  5. under the weight of 在……重压下,迫于
  
  6. in the open air 在户外,在野外,露天
  
  7. take turns to do sth依次,轮流做某事
  
  in turn 依次地,轮流地
  
  8. be shocked at 对……感到震惊
  
  9. be proud of 以……为自豪
  
  10. express one’s thanks to sb /for sth… 对/因……表示感谢
  
  11. without warning 毫无预兆
  
  12. next to紧接着,相邻,次于
  
  13. get away from… 避免,摆脱,离开
  
  14. disaster-hit areas灾区
  
  15. Listening to English is a very important skill because it is only when we understand what is said to us that we can have a conversation with somebody.
  
  听英语是一项很重要的技能,因为只有当我们懂得别人给我们说什么我们才能与他交谈。
  
  16. It is believed that 人们认为…
  
  17. hold up 举起;托住;支撑列举,推举
  
  18. make up 弥补, 虚构, 整理, 和解,化妆,拼凑
  
  19. be trapped in 被困于…
  
  20. It is said that… 据说...
  
  21. be fixed to…被固定到……
  
  22. be tied to … 被绑在……
  
  Unit 5 Nelson Mandela—a modern hero
  
  1. devotes… to doing奉于
  
  2. fight against 对抗,反对,与……作斗争
  
  3. selflessly 无私地
  
  4. be free from 免于,不受
  
  5. be in prison 入狱,在狱中服刑
  
  6. the first man to do 第一个…的人
  
  7. The time when I first met him was a very difficult period of my life.
  
  第一次见到他的时候是在我一生中非常艰难的时期。
  
  8. He was generous with his time, for which I was grateful.
  
  他十分慷慨地给予我时间,我为此非常感激。
  
  9. become out of work. 失业
  
  10. hope that…/to do
  
  11. as soon as I could 尽快, 马上
  
  12. We were put into a position in which we had either to accept we were less important, or fight the government.
  
  我们被置于这样一个境地:要么我们被迫接受低人一等的现实,要么跟政府作斗争。
  
  13. Only 位于句首,修饰状语从句时,主句采用部分倒装的语序。
  
  Only in this way can you come up with a solution to the problem.
  
  只有这样,你才能想出解决这个问题的办法。
  
  14. as a matter of fact 事实上
  
  15. blow up 爆炸,打气
  
  16. be equal to 和…平等
  
  17. in trouble 处于困境 遇到麻烦
  
  18. be willing to do sth. 愿意,乐于
  
  19. turn to 变成;求助于,借助于, 翻到,转向
  
  turn to sb for help 向某人求助
  
  20. lose heart 灰心;泄气, 丧失勇气,失去信心
  
  21. escape from 逃脱,逃离,从……逃出
  
  22. should have done 本应做而未做
  
  needn’t have done 本不需要做而做了
  
  can’t have done 过去不可能做过(对过去的否定推测)
  
  must have done 对过去的肯定推测
  
  23. pass the exam. 通过考试
  
  24. be better educated 受到良好教育
  
  25. come to power 执政
  
  26. be proud to do sth. be proud of sth 为…而自豪
  
  27. set up 创立,建立,架起,建造
  
  The company was set up ten years ago. 公司是十年前建立的。
  
  28. be sentenced to … 被判处……
  
  29. Do you have any thoughts on that 你认为那怎么样?
  
  30. to my understanding 按我的理解 to my opinion
  
  31. be accepted by … 被……录取、接受
  
  32. die from 死于…(事故等外部原因) die of 死于… (疾病等自身原因)
  
  33. under way 正在进行
  
  34. point of view 观点
  
  35. compete with… 与……竞争
  
  36. advise v.
  
  advise + n./pron. advise + doing advise sb. to do sth.
  
  advise + that从句(从句的谓语用“should + v原”, should 常省略)
  
  注:与advise用法类似的动词如forbid,allow,permit,admit,consider等直接接动词作宾语时要用动名词,但接宾补时后跟不定式。
  
  如:We forbid smoking here.
  
  We forbid you to smoke here.
  
  【必修二】
  
  Unit 1
  
  1. look into 调查
  
  2. insist on/upon sth/doing 坚持做,坚决做
  
  3. belong to 属于
  
  4. get /be lost ; be missing 迷路,丢失
  
  5. do with 处理;对付
  
  6. in search of ;in the/one’s search for 寻找
  
  7. be used to do sth. 被用来做某事
  
  8. be used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事
  
  9. be made into . . . 被制成;
  
  be made of /from 用…制成(看得见原材料/看不见原材料)
  
  be made for 为…制作
  
  be made up of 由…组成
  
  10. be of +抽象名词=be+该词的形容词
  
  “be of +名词(词组)”表示主语的某种形状或特征
  
  be of a(n) / the / the same “属于, 归于”
  
  be of the size / weight / height / age / colour / kind…
  
  11. work of amber art 琥珀艺术品.
  
  12. as a gift of 作为…的礼物
  
  13. in return 作为报答
  
  14. become part of 成为…的一部分
  
  15. serve as 充当,用作
  
  16. add…to… 添加…到…
  
  17. great wonders of the world 世界上的伟大奇迹
  
  18. be at war 处于交战状态
  
  19. less than 少于
  
  20. no doubt 毫无疑问
  
  21. remain a mystery 仍然是个迷
  
  22. take apart 拆开
  
  23. rather than 胜于, 而不是
  
  25. tell the truth 说实话
  
  26. pretend to do sth 假装做某事
  
  27. give an example from your own life 举一个你生活中的例子
  
  28. think highly of 看重,重视
  
  29. search for =look for
  
  30. agree with sb. 同意某人的意见
  
  31.情态动词(could /might /must /should) +have done
  
  表示对过去发生的事情的推测,批评,反悔等意思
  
  32. have sth. done 表示 “请人做某事” “使遭遇某种(不幸的)事情”
  
  Unit 2
  
  1 take part in/join in 参加
  
  2 the spirit of 精神、宗旨、灵魂
  
  3 used to 过去常常
  
  4 find out 查明,找出
  
  5 every four years 每四年,每隔三年
  
  6 two sets of 两套,两组
  
  7 allow sb. in(out) 允许进入(出去);
  
  8 allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事(不能说allow to do)
  
  9 allow doing sth. 允许干某事。
  
  10 be/get married(强调状态)+ to(不能用with) sb 和……结婚
  
  11 a set of 一套,一组
  
  12 compete in… 在某方面竞争
  
  13 compete for… 为……而竞争
  
  14 compete with/against 与……竞争
  
  15 be admitted to 获准做某事
  
  16 be admitted as 作为…被接受
  
  17 reach the standard 达到……水平、标准
  
  18 play an important role/part in 在…方面扮演重要角色(起重要作用)
  
  19 as well as 和……一样
  
  20 thank you for your time 感谢您(能抽空……)
  
  21 come from the same root 同根
  
  22 have (no) chance of doing sth. 有(没)做……的机会
  
  23 go with 伴随,与……搭配
  
  24 relate…to… 把……与关联起来
  
  25 relate with 和……有关
  
  26 run against… 和……赛跑
  
  27 hear of 听说
  
  28 make sure 确定
  
  29 take turns 轮流
  
  30 one after another 一个接一个
  
  31 make sure +that clause 确定
  
  Unit 3
  
  1. sound simple 听起来简单
  
  2. a technological revolution 技术革命
  
  3. artificial intelligence 人工智能
  
  4. begin as 作为…开始
  
  5. solve/settle a problem 解决问题
  
  6. a simple-minded man 一个头脑简单的人
  
  7. mathematical problem 数学问题
  
  8. be totally changed 被完全改变了
  
  9. share information with 与…信息共享
  
  10. serve the human race 为人类服务
  
  11. common knowledge 常识
  
  12. deal with 处理
  
  13. in my opinion 在我看来
  
  14. public opinion 公众舆论
  
  15 an analytical method 分析法
  
  16. share a room with 与…共居一室
  
  17. connect with 与…有关
  
  18. go by (从…旁)走过
  
  19. bring into effect 使生效
  
  20. the common people 老百姓
  
  21. get together 聚集
  
  22. after all 毕竟
  
  23. with the help of 在…的帮助下
  
  24. make up 编造,化妆
  
  25. a personal letter 私人信件
  
  26. watch over 看守,监视
  
  27. have a good time 玩得愉快
  
  28. once a year 一年一度
  
  29. make a decision 做出决定

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