Unit1How can we become good leaners?
do sth by doing sth
How doyou study for a test?
I study by working with a group.
1.what about 与how about:
What about listening to tapes?
What about reading aloud to practice pronunciation?(考拼写)
Whatabout =How about
2. aloud loud loundly 的辨析
aloud adv. 出声地用于read think,没有比较级最高级。
Eg. What about reading aloud to practicepronunciation?
loud adv. adj. 响亮、大声，用于speak shout talk,常用于口语，多用于比较级。Please speak louder.
loudly 喧闹嘈杂不悦耳，多用于ring、 knock：
They argued loudly in the next room.
1. I’v learnd a lot that way.
(1) a lot of=lot’s of修饰名词(复数)，表示许多。
a little 修饰不可数名词，一点儿，很少(肯定)
There is a little water in the glass.
(2).a lot很，非常。作状语修饰动词或比较级，多用在肯定句中：Thanks a lot. I feel a lot/much better now.我感觉好多了。
a little 也可跟a lot 一样用：
Memorizing the words of pop songs also help alittle.
2.I think it helps.我认为它有帮助。
3. It’s too hard to undersand spoken English.
Spoken Englsh is so hard that I can’t understandit
It’ too hard to undersand spoken English.
have trouble doingsth.
have a difficult time doingsth.
It’s …(difficult) for sb. todo sth.
not enough to dosth.
Eg. I have trouble understandingspoken English.
I have adifficult time understanding spoken English.
It’s difficult for me tounderstand spoken English.
My daughter is five years old.She is not enough to go to primary school.
My daughter so yongthat she can’t go to primary school.
The boy ran so fastthat I couldn’t catch him.
The boy ran toofast to catch him.
He was so angrythat he couldn’t say a word.
1. I have to finish reading a book and give a reportnext Monday.
(1).have to 从客观上讲不得不做某事。
I must finish my homework before five o’clock.
Must I finish the homework before eight o’clock?
Yes, you must. No, you needn’t. No, you don’thave to.
否定回答用……needn’t或……don’t have to.
You mustn’t talk with others in class.
(二)，must作情态动词表推测： It must belong to Carla.
(1)、表肯定的推测：There must be some mistakes.
The baby can't be ill. He is so active
The book must be Tom’s. His name is on it.
Who is talking in the next room?
It can’t be Tom, He has gone to Shanghai.
2.I have to finish reading a book and give areport.
finish +v.ing finish 后面的动词加ing. finish的单三式加es
类似的动词还有：practice enjoy mind keep go stop remember forget like prefer suggest against(反对)
like to do want to do get used to do be used to do
learn to do expect to do refuse to do pretend to do, promise to do, be able to do begin to do need to
3.I have tofinish reading a book and give a report.
短语：give a report.作报告 give a speech 作演讲
4. Just readquickly to get the main ideas at first.
(2)For the first time (有生以来第一次，一段时间以来第一次)
I have been here for nine month, for thefirst time, I missed my parents so much.
(3)first of all,首先，就顺序而言。to start/beginwith(首先)
At first, I didn’t like English, butnow I do.
5. Don’t read word by word.
word byword 逐字逐句地 oneby one 一个接一个地
6.短语：be patient 要有耐心
It takes time这需要时间
1. Why didWeiFen find it difficult to learn English?
find it difficult to do sth.发现做某事很困难。
2.The secret to language learning语言学习的秘诀
3. How Ilearnd to learn English学习怎样学英语
learnto do sth.学习做某事。
4. The teacher spoken so quickly that I did notunderstand her most of the time.
(1)mostof the time绝大多数时候
(2)sothat 与 too to 之间的转换：
The teacher spoken too quickly to understand hermost of the time.
5. I was afraid to ask questions because ofmy poor pronunciation.
(1)be afraid to dosth害怕去做某事(因害怕而不敢做某事)
I was afraid to speak in class.
(2)be afraid of sth.害怕某事物。
Were you afraid of the dark when you werea child?
I’m afraid of the snakes.
(3)be afraid of doing sth害怕做某事(事情本身有危险)
The boy is afraid of falling into theriver.
Jim is afraid of going to bed in the dark.吉姆害怕摸黑上床睡觉。
He didn’t cometo school yesterday because he was ill.
He didn’t cometo school yesterday because of his illness.
7. I fell inlove with this exciting and funny movie!
fallin love with 爱上
fall落下，摔倒 fell(过去式) fallen(过去分词) 常考
fall into落入陷入 fall asleep入睡
8.be/ fall asleep, sleep， go/getto sleep, go to bed的辨析
(1).sleep 强调“睡觉”这一动作，是延续性动词，可与表示时间的状语连用。如：He slept foreight hours.他睡了八个小时。 Why couldn`tthe man downstairs sleep? 楼下那个人为什么睡不着?
(2). be asleep表示“睡着”的状态，是系表结构，其中asleep不能用very修饰，只能用sound, fast等词修饰。
如：The baby is fast asleep.孩子睡得很香。
The little girl is sound asleep.这个小女孩睡得很熟。
(3). fall asleep 意指“睡着”，表示一个动作的过程，侧重于“自然而然地入睡、不想入睡而入睡”的含义。如：
He was justfalling asleep when there was a loud knock at the door.
I don’t know whenI fell asleep last night.我不知道昨晚什么时候睡着的。
(4). go to sleep 指“入睡、进入梦乡”这个动作，即begin to sleep。如:He was so tired that he went to sleep soon.他很累，不久就睡着了。I just want to close my eyes and go to sleep as quickly as possible. 我正想合上眼，尽快地睡上一觉。
(5).get to sleep意为“睡着、入眠”，强调进入睡眠状态，且多用于否定句、疑问句或条件句中。如：I was waiting for the sound of the other shoe! I can`t get to sleep. 我在等另一只鞋的落地声!我睡不着。
(6).go to bed 意为“就寝、上床睡觉”，着重指上床准备睡觉的动作，无“睡着”之意。一般说来，是go to bed在前，然后才go/ get to sleep或fall asleep。如： He usually goes to bed at ten o`clockand goes to sleep/ falls asleep five minutes later.他通常十点钟就寝，五分钟后入睡。 One man keep healthy if he goes to bed early and gets up early. 如果一个人早睡早起，他就能保持身体健康。
9.Their bodylanguage and the expressions on their faces helped me to get the meaning.
(1)help sb. (to)do sth.
Can youhelp me to learn English ? 你能帮助我学英语吗?
(2)with the help of 在……帮助下
With the help of her, he found his lostchild.
(3)help sb. with sth. Please helpme with my French.
(4)help oneself ( to )自用(食物等)。
Help yourself to the fish. 请随便吃鱼。
9. I look them upin a dictionary
look up 查阅动+副短语，代词作宾语放中间。
I often look upnew words in a dictionary.
短语：take notes记笔记 keep a diary记日记
Unit1 How can we become good learners?
1. 发音pronounce 动词v. 与 pronunciation名词n.
I can`t pronounce some of the words.
I was afraid to ask questions because of my poorpronunciation.
2. spoken English 英语口语
I don’t know how to increase my reading speed.
How can I improve my pronunciation?
(1)I don’t know how to increase my reading speed.
I don’t know how I should increase my readingspeed.
(2)She didn't know which blouse to buy.
= She didn't know which blouse she should buy.
(3)I'm thinking about what to say.
= I'm thinking about what I should say. 我在考虑说什么。
(4) I could not decide which dictionary to buy.
= I could not decide which dictionary I shouldbuy.
5.短语：make mistakes=make a mistake犯错
(1)I don’t know enough words to write well.
(2)He can join an English language club topractice speaking
(3)He should find a pen pal to practice writing.
(4)I don’t have a partner to practice Englishwith.
He can’t get thepronunciation right.
He doesn’t get much writingpractice.
Where did you get the book?
He gets first prize in the listening contest.(比赛)
I got a new coat in that store last week.
I got a letter from Tom this morning.
The weather gets warmer, and the days get longer.
get sb. to do sth.让某人做某事:
I got him to clean the blackboard.
Don't get your hands dirty.
get sth. done: I'll have my hair cut tomorrow.
=I'll get my hair cut tomorrow.
We had the machine repaired. =We got the machinerepaired.
(4)get sth. for sb.替某人买、拿东西。
He went to the office and got some chalk(粉笔) for his teacher.
It is getting darker and darker.
get out出去 get back回来，取回来 get to到达
get on (a bus/train)上车 get up起床 get (well) on with sb.跟某人相处(得好) get into
(1). What about… How about…
What aboutreading aloud to practice pronunciation?
(2). why don’t you…动原 = why not…动原
Why don’t you listen to English songs on the radioand repeat the difficult words?
(3). can should may
He can joinan English language club to practice speaking?
He should find a pen pal to practice writing.
May I take thisbook home to read?
否定用No, you mustn’t./ No, you can’t或No, you’d better not.
(4)Shall I(we)… Will you…
Shall I open the window and close the door?
Shall we go swimming this afternoon?
Will you tell me where the nearest bookshop is?
Let’s go and find something interesting to do.
(6). Would you please…动原 Could you please…动原
Could you please go hiking with me ?
(7)You’d better+动原 最好……
否定: You’d better not+动原最好不要…… You’d=You had…
You’d better not go out at night.
(8) “Don’t +动词原形
Don’t be late next time, please.
1c 1d 中的短语:
talk to sb. talk with sb. at home
1.be born with 天生具有。
Everyone is born with the ability to learn.
But whether or not you can do this well depends onyour learning habits.但是你是否能做好这件事取决于你的学习习惯。
All depends on the weather.
Research shows that successful learners have somegood habits in common.收索，找遍许多例子我们会发现成功的学习者通常都有共同的好的学习习惯。
I have nothing in common with Jane. 我和简毫无共同之处。
He had very little in common with his sister.
We happened to discover we had a friend in common.
4.be interesting in对、、、感兴趣。
5.be easy for sb.to do sth.对于某人来说做某事容易。
be difficult for sb.to do sth. pay attention to 注意，留意。
课文原句：Studies show that if you are interested insomething, your brain is more active and it is also easier for you to payattention to it for along time.如果你对学习活动中的一些事情感兴趣的话，那么你的大脑就会更积极活跃并且对你来说长时间保持注意力也很容易。
pay attention to (to是介词，接动词+ing))注意，留意：
I hope you will pay attention to this problem.
You must pay attention to your teacher in theclass.
They paidattention to watching the scene. 他们注意到了观察现场
课文原句：Good learners often connect what they need tolearn with something interesting.好的学习者通常会把他们要学习的东西跟一些有趣的东西联系起来。
be good at 擅长→→ do well in 在某方面做得好。他们之间可以做同义句转换。
think of 与 think about
think of想起：What good learning habits can you think of?
think about思考、考虑：Good learners think about what they are good at and what they need topractice more.
8.课文原句：Practice makes perfect.
(1) 做;制作;制造: Can you make any mooncakes?
①主动句：make sb. do sth. :
I don't like milk, but she made me drink it.
Don't make the baby cry anymore. 不要再让那个孩子哭了。
Sad movies make me cry. (来自Unit11单元题目)
②被动句：sb. be made to do sth. :
Practice makes perfect.
She was madeto wait for over an hour. 她被迫等了一个多钟头。
◆英语中，类似于make这种用法的动词还有let,have, hear, see, watch, notice, feel等。如：
I saw him put the key into the keyhole, turn itand open the door. 我看见他把钥匙插进锁孔，转动钥匙，然后打开了门。
She was seen to go into the classroom. 有人看见她进了教室。
The awful picture s make Amy uncomfortable. (选自Unit11 Section B 1b)
The loud museic makes Amy nevous.
make a mistake 犯错误 makea telephone call 打电话
make friends with 与……交朋友
make a decision to dosth决定做某事。decide to do sth.
make a face 做鬼脸 make a living 谋生;维持生活
make money 赚钱 make one's bed 铺床;收拾床铺
make one's way to 往……走 make sure 确信;务必;弄清楚
Good learners will keep practicing what they havelearned.
Could you keep these letters for me, please?
I'll keep a seat for you.我给你留个座位。
It can help to keep vegetables, fruit and meat fora long time in hot summer.
Can you keep a secret? 你能保守秘密吗?
He kept all money in the bank.
Everybody must keep the law
She kept her sister for a week while her sisterwas ill.
I have a family to keep.我得养活一家人。
The old man kept many animals like dogs, pigs, andcats.
He kept a hotel in this city.
How long can I keep this book? 这本书我可借多长时间?
You can keep it for two weeks. 你可以借两周
she keeps a diary every day.她坚持每天记日记
We should keep our classroom clean and tidy.(形容词)
The other students in the class keep their eyesclosed.
keep…away from… 使什么远离什么。
You'd better keep the child away from the fire.(副词)
The bad weather keeps us inside the house.(介词短语)
keep sb. doing sth.
Don't keep me waiting for long.(现在分词)别让我等太久。
You must look after yourself and keep healthy. (形容词)你必须照顾好自己，保持身体健康 (keephealthy=keep in health)
She knew she must keep calm.她知道她必须保持镇静
(a).keep(on)doing sth. 意为"继续干某事":
He kept working all day, because he wanted tofinish the work on time. 他整天都在不停地工作，因为他想准时完成工作。
(b).keep sb. from doing sth.阻止某人做某事：
The heavy snow kept us from going out.大雪使我们不能出去。
10.not enough to do sth. :课文原句：It is not enough to just study hard.仅仅只靠努力是不够的。
look for 寻找
look after 照看照顾 take care of 照看照顾
be similar to一般都是在相近似的物品和情境的对比上
11.try to do sth. 和 try doing sth.的辨析：
try to do sth.努力做某事Try to be here on time
try one’s best to do sth.
You must try your best to finish your test.
try doing sth.尝试做某事I tried knocking at the door, but nobody answered. 我试着敲了敲后门，但没人回答。
1.be stressed out 有压力的 have a test考试
课文原句：Are you stressed out each time you have a rest?
When you are stressed out, you should listen tomusic.
I've been stressed out about my oral exam.
2.rember to do sth.记得去做某事。
rember doing sth.记得做过某事。
课文原句：Rember to take notesin class.
(1)stop to do 与 stop doing
stop to do sth.停止正在做的事情，去做另外一件事。
stop doing sth 停止做某事。(最后结果：没有做事了)
stop doing sth.是停止做某事指停止做原来的事情
e.g. Hearing the doorbell,she stopped washingthedishes.
stop to do是停下(手头的事情)去做另外一件事
e.g. Hearing the dollbell, she stopped to open thedor.
(2)forget to do 与 forgetdoing
forget to do 忘记去做某事。(未做)
forget doing 忘记做过某事。(已做)
The light in the office is stil on. Heforgot to turn it off.
He forgotturning the light off.
Don't forget to come tomorrow.
3. bit by bit 一点点地;渐渐地
He saved money bit by bit until he have enough tobuy a car.
同意短语：rightaway in a minute
5.worry about与be worried about
beworried about表示一个状态;而worry about 表示一个动作
(1)worry about 担忧，担心。
You don't have to worry about me. I'm a goodswimmer.
(2) Don't be worried about tomorrow's test,youwill pass it.
He is worried about his son .他为儿子担心。
He is worrying about his son .他正担心他的儿子。
He worries about his son. 他为儿子担心。
What’s the matter?= What’s the trouble?
同义句转换：What’swrong with you?
报名咨询: 柳老师 15527095332
报名咨询: 柳老师 15527095332